In summary, there are viable alternatives to insecticides for managing pests of organic stored grains. These include sanitation, monitoring, controlling temperature, carbon dioxide fumigation, and diatomaceous earth, and biological control.
What are the measures to prevent and control pest infestation in grain storage?
Clean combine, wagons, grain carts, and trailers prior to handling new grain. Dispose of any debris removed from bins or machinery as insects may infest it.
This will reduce mold growth.
- Use insecticide protectants (Table 2). …
- Regularly inspect grain. …
- Treating detected infestations when necessary.
How do you prevent pests in grains?
Turmeric powder is another good alternative method to prevent the grains from insects and pests. Grains and seeds are mixed with turmeric powder before storing them in containers or jute bags. This treatment provides protection for up to 6-8 months and is equally safe for consumption.
What are the signs of infestation of stored grains?
Common signs of an insect infestation: Sweet, musty odor in grain. The lesser grain borer is known to leave behind dust and thin brown shells in grain, as well as a sweet, musty scent. Rice weevils leave holes in grain and deposit larvae inside of kernels.
How do you kill insect eggs in grains?
Heating: Heat is another way to kill insect eggs in flour, rice, and dry staples. Put the food on a shallow oven tray and spread it out evenly. How long do you need to heat the grains?
How do grains become infested?
The primary causes of grain spoilage in Kentucky are excess moisture and high temperature. However, any grain improperly handled or stored longer than 6 months can be infested by insects.
Which are the different stored grain pests?
Primary and secondary storage insects
- Rice weevil: Sitophilus oryzae, S. …
- Khapra beetle: Trogoderma granarium.
- Lesser grain borer/Hooded grain borer/paddy borer beetle: Rhyzopertha dominica.
- Angoumois grain moth or Grain moth: Sitotroga cerealella.
- Pulse beetle: Callosobruchus chinensis, C.
How can we protect grains and pulses from insects?
- Sun-drying of seeds before storing them to reduce moisture in them. This protects the grains from insect pests, bacteria, and fungi.
- Storing grains in jute bags or metallic bins. Granaries and silos are used for large-scale storing of grains. …
- Dried neem leaves are also used for storing grains at home.
How do you store grains at home long term?
Heat, air and moisture are the enemies of whole grains. All whole grains should be stored in airtight containers with tight-ﬁtting lids or closures. The type of container is a matter of preference. Glass, plastic, and aluminum canisters or zip-top plastic bags can all be successfully used, as long as they are airtight.