U.S. farmers employ a range of pest management strategies to control weeds, insects, fungi, viruses, and bacteria. They till their soils, rotate their crops, scout their fields, and carefully consider factors such as plant density and planting dates. They also apply organic and synthetic pesticides.
How do farmers control pests?
Mechanical and physical control – include tillage, mowing, cutting, mulching and organic soil coverage and barriers. Tillage turning the soil between crops to incorporate crop residues and soil amendments. It also destroys weeds and disrupts pest life cycle.
What are pest control strategies?
- Cultural control (crop rotation, use of locally adapted or pest resistant/tolerant varieties, sanitation, manipulating planting/harvest dates to avoid pests)
- Biological control (protect, enhance or import natural enemies of pests)
- Mechanical control (cultivation, trapping, pest exclusion)
What are 3 methods of pest control?
As mentioned above, there are many pest control methods available to choose from, but they can be loosely grouped into six categories: Hygienic, Biological, Chemical, Physical, Fumigation, Fogging and Heat treatment.
What are 3 methods of pest control food hygiene?
Preventing access to food and water:
- food stores and containers should be pest-proof;
- spills cleaned up quickly;
- remove standing water;
- waste stored in pest-proof containers and storage areas kept clean.
What are the natural pest controlling methods?
Natural pest controlling methods includes using organic oils, genetically modified organisms, various agricultural methods, etc. The methods such as intercropping, crop rotation, mixed cropping, etc encourage the growth of different plants on the same piece of land.
What are cultural methods of pest control?
Examples of cultural pest management methods include: Mechanical tilling or plowing. Hand pulling of the weed with all its roots. Grazing sheep on leafy spurge to damage the leaves and stems and stop seed production.
What is the types of pest control?
In agriculture, pests are kept at bay by cultural, chemical and biological means. … Control of these pests is attempted through exclusion, repulsion, physical removal or chemical means. Alternatively, various methods of biological control can be used including sterilisation programmes.
What is a good way of deterring pests food hygiene?
Keep all food off the floor in sealed containers that are not accessible by pests. Block off all holes in the premises that may afford access to rodents with a hard, gnaw resistant material. Block all gaps under doors and fit pest screens to doors and windows that may be left open.
What are the main reasons for pest control?
Pest Control is important as pests can be both a nuisance and a danger to health. They can attack and contaminate food intended for hu- mans, damage the structure of your premises (such as electric cables) and spread many forms of disease and harmful bacteria that can cause food poisoning.
How do you control food pests?
All staff should be aware of these good hygiene practices:
- Keep the factory clean.
- Have proper waste control.
- Be sure food in preparation areas is kept covered.
- Clean spillages quickly and effectively.
- Be sure no food is left outside the facility.
- Keep food stored off the floor and away from walls.