Who regulates insect repellents?

Regulatory Status of the Insect Repellent Ingredients. EPA regulates insect repellents under the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act (FIFRA). Three insect repellent active ingredients are currently used in combination with sunscreens: DEET, oil of citronella, and IR3535.

Does the FDA regulate insect repellents?

Sunscreen-insect repellent products are jointly regulated by FDA as sunscreen drugs and by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) as pesticides under the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act (FIFRA).

Who regulates bug repellent?

The Environmental Protection Agency regulates the distribution, use, and sale of all insect repellents, along with all other pesticides. For registered products, this means that any company that would like to sell a particular pesticide must hand over a slew of safety and efficacy data to the EPA.

Are repellents considered pesticides?

​People often think of the term pesticide as referring only to something that kills insects, but “pesticide” is a broad term and includes products that don’t kill anything, such as insect repellents. Products labeled as repellents are not designed to eliminate pests.

Are mosquito repellent a registered pesticide?

This means that once removed from the exemption, personal mosquito and tick repellents would need to be registered as a pesticide product with EPA before sale or distribution in the United States.

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Can I sell insect repellent?

Unregistered Products

Some insect repellent products for sale in the United States do not currently require EPA registration. In the 1990s, EPA evaluated the active ingredients in these unregistered products for safety.

Is citronella a pesticide?

Oil of citronella is a biochemical pesticide which has a non-toxic mode of action. It is registered as an insect repellent (feeding inhibitor) and as an animal repellent.

What is IR3535 insect repellent?

IR 3535 – repels mosquitoes, deer ticks, lice and biting flies. IR3535, short for Insect Repellent 3535, is a synthetic insect repellent originally developed in the 1980’s by Merck, which holds a trademark on the name.

What is the purpose of Fifra?

The Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act (FIFRA) provides for federal regulation of pesticide distribution, sale, and use. All pesticides distributed or sold in the United States must be registered (licensed) by EPA.

What are two harmful effects of insect spray?

DEET: While uncommon, products with DEET can cause short-term eye or skin irritation. People who have inhaled DEET repellents have reported coughing and respiratory irritation. If eaten, they can cause stomach and digestive irritation.

Are insect repellents safe?

When used as directed, EPA-registered insect repellents are proven safe and effective, even for pregnant and breastfeeding women. Carefully follow label directions for repellent use and reapplication. Do not use repellent under clothing or on skin that is injured or irritated.

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