Some species of ants farm aphids, protecting them on the plants where they are feeding, and consuming the honeydew the aphids release from the terminations of their alimentary canals. … These farming ants protect the aphids by fighting off aphid predators.
Why do ants protect aphids?
Aphids feed primarily on the sap from plants and secrete a liquid called honeydew. … As a result, a system has been hashed out by these insects wherein the ants herd the aphids around to the juiciest parts of plants, protect them from predators, and carry them into their nests at night and for winter.
What is the symbiotic relationship between ant and aphid?
Ants and aphids share a well-documented symbiotic relationship, which means they both benefit mutually from their working relationship. Aphids produce a sugary food for the ants, in exchange, ants care for and protect the aphids from predators and parasites.
How do aphids protect themselves?
Where there are plants, there are almost certainly aphids feeding on them. These ubiquitous insects are banquets for many predators, and some have evolved incredible defences against them. Its body carries two reactive chemicals that only mix when a predator attacks it. …
How are plants affected by the aphids?
Some aphid species inject a toxin into plants, which causes leaves to curl and further distorts growth. A few species cause gall formations. Aphids may transmit viruses from plant to plant on certain vegetable and ornamental plants. … The viruses mottle, yellow, or curl leaves and stunt plant growth.