Garden pests can cause huge damage to leafy vegetables. If they are not well controlled or managed, they can greatly reduce the leaf quality or even kill the whole crop.
How do pests affect the growth of plants?
Insects can also cause injury to plants when they lay eggs (oviposit) into plant tissue. Heavy oviposition into stems can cause death or dieback of stems or branches on the plant. Dieback of the ends of stems or branches is often called flagging. … Gall-forming insects cause their host plants to grow abnormally.
How do pests destroy crops?
Insects are responsible for two major kinds of damage to growing crops. First is direct injury done to the plant by the feeding insect, which eats leaves or burrows in stems, fruit, or roots. … These swarms may completely destroy crops in an invaded region.
What insect eats the pests affect vegetables?
Beetles have also chewing mouthparts and like many grubs (beetle larvae), are capable of causing great damage to vegetables. Adult beetles are usually hard-bodied insects with thick forewings and their young are grubs, borers or wireworms.
How insects are useful to humans and plants?
Insects create the biological foundation for all terrestrial ecosystems. They cycle nutrients, pollinate plants, disperse seeds, maintain soil structure and fertility, control populations of other organisms, and provide a major food source for other taxa.
How do pests affect food production?
Pest insects can have adverse and damaging impacts on agricultural production and market access, the natural environment, and our lifestyle. Pest insects may cause problems by damaging crops and food production, parasitising livestock, or being a nuisance and health hazard to humans.
What animal is eating my plants at night?
Wildlife that feed at night include rabbits, deer, squirrels, chipmunks, voles, woodchucks, groundhogs, and skunks.
Which insect destroy the crops?
Aphids. How it Kills: Also known as plant lice, they are diminutive, soft bodied, pear shaped insects which suck sap, typically during the spring and summer seasons. Severe infestation results in curling of leaves, stunted growth and gradual drying and death of young plants.
What methods do farmers employ to protect their crops?
the methods done by the farmers employee to protect their crops are:
- using pesticides like herbicides, insecticides etc.
- biological pest control approaches such as cover crops, trap crops and Beetle banks.
- barrier based approaches such as Agro- Textiles and Bird netting.
What are the major pests?
7.1 Major pests
- 7.1.1 Fruit borers. …
- 7.1.2 Fruit-piercing moths. …
- 7.1.3 Leaf-feeding caterpillars. …
- 7.1.4 Leafrollers. …
- 7.1.5 Beetle borers. …
- 7.1.6 Scarab beetles. …
- 7.1.7 Soft scales. …
- 7.1.8 Bugs.